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Esophageal pathology in patients with rheumatic diseases. Review of the literature and own research results
Summary. The problem of esophageal lesions in patients with various rheumatic diseases (systemic scleroderma, dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Behcet’s disease, Sjogren’s disease, mixed connective tissue disease, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis) was described in the article. Statistical data about the frequency of identifying esophageal pathology and basic mechanisms of lesion of the esophagus were considered. Clinical and endoscopic features of esophageal complications in certain diseases have been described. It is concluded that the fundamental basis of esophageal damage in patients with rheumatic disease is an autoimmune inflammation and overproduction of connective tissue.
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